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بانکداری هسته ای (بانکداری داخلی 2)(استاد علی زینعلی)

Core banking

Core banking is a general term used to describe the services provided by a group of networked bank branches. Bank customers may access their funds and other simple transactions from any of the member branch offices.

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Core Banking

Core Banking is normally defined as the business conducted by a banking institution with its retail and small business customers. Many banks treat the retail customers as their core banking customers, and have a separate line of business to manage small businesses. Larger businesses are managed via the Corporate Banking division of the institution.Core banking basically is depositing and lending of money.

Normal core banking functions will include deposit accounts, loans, mortgages and payments. Banks make these services available across multiple channels like ATMs, Internet banking, and branches.

Core Banking Solutions

Core Banking Solutions is new jargon frequently used in banking circles. The advancement in technology especially internet and information technology has led to new way of doing business in banking. The technologies have cut down time, working simultaneously on different issues and increased efficiency. The platform where communication technology and information technology are merged to suit core needs of banking is known as Core Banking Solutions. Here computer software is developed to perform core operations of banking like recording of transactions, passbook maintenance, interest calculations on loans and deposits, customer records, balance of payments and withdrawal are done. This software is installed at different branches of bank and then interconnected by means of communication lines like telephones, satellite, internet etc. It allows the user (customers) to operate accounts from any branch if it has installed core banking solutions. This new platform has changed the way banks are working. Now many advanced features like regulatory requirements and other specialised services like share (stock) trading are being provided.core banking solutions is very help ful to small industries

Around the world

In countries such as India and Hong Kong that were a part of the British empire, it is only recently that core banking has caught on. This is mainly due to the restrictions by the UK government on free movement of money throughout the region. Also, the IT infrastructure necessary for such services did not exist in these countries until recently. After Britain chose to give these countries there freedom, the economies of these countries went through a drastic change - thus the demand for such services increased and the need to meet such demand were met with today's technologies. Most of the nationalized banks in India for example: State Bank of India, Punjab National Bank, Allahabad Bank, HDFC and ICICI Bank today supports core banking. As of 2007, many Cooperative banks in India such as Jain Urban Cooperative Bank, Kangra Central Cooperative Bank, Udaipur Urban Cooperative Bank, Kollam District Cooperative Bank, Kerala State Cooperative Bank and Panchsheel Mercantile Cooperative Bank have started to use and offer centralized Core Banking too. The three standard software used are Flexcube from iFlex Solutions, Finacle from Infosys and B@ncs from TATA Consultancy Services.

In countries such as Japan, core banking is still in its early stages. Although having autonomous reign over their currency for over half a century, the consumers themselves do not see much use for such services - low demand, thus less services. It is only within the last decade that banks started placing ATMs outside the bank premises. Many of the bank services must be done in person at the account holder's registered branch. Japanese banks rely heavily on paperwork and physical evidence, such as the personal chop or Inkan - thus rendering core banking impractical.

 

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